The program receives its primary direction from Residency Program Chairman, Rahul Vaidya, M.D., and Residency Program Director, Paul Dougherty, M.D. Both are part of the Orthopaedic Research and Education committee that comprises the primary faculty leadership, including Dr. Jeff Flynn (Providence Hospital/Research), Dr. Todd Frush (Providence Hospital), Dr. Stephen Lemos (Detroit Surgery Hospital), Dr. Bryan Little (Detroit Receiving Hospital), Dr. Bryant Oliphant (Detroit Receiving Hospital), Dr. David Markel (Providence Hospital) and Dr. Walid Yassir (Children's Hospital of Michigan).


We have only one mission - quality education of Orthopaedic residents.

Scholarly Activity

     Research is an integral component of the Orthopaedic Surgery Residency program. Residents will have the opportunity to do case reports, retrospective studies (chart reviews), experimental studies (clinical trials, animal studies) and prospective studies during dedicated 3 month research rotations during their second and fourth years. These studies can be developed with input from faculty, the Orthopaedic Surgery Laboratory Coordinator (Dr. Weiping Ren) or Manager (Dr. Jeff Flynn), Patient Care Research department and fellow residents.
     Each year, a number of papers from the department are published in peer reviewed journals. Our residents present numerous oral papers and posters at local, regional and national meetings including Providence Hospital Resident Research Day, the Michigan Orthopaedic Society, Mid-American Orthopedic Association, the Orthopaedic Research Society, and the American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons, among others. We are extremely proud of these accomplishments.
     A listing of our presentations (oral, video and poster formats, with links to the specific meetings), honors and recently published papers is shown below.



 Number of oral, video and/or
poster presentations

Meeting 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
  • American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons
4 2 1 2  0
  • Michigan Orthopaedic Society
* 16 13 14  10
  • Mid-America Orthopaedic Association
* 4 5 4  2
  • Orthopaedic Research Society
2 4 4 7  6
  • Providence Hospital Research Day
* 6 7 3  5
  • SEMCME Research Forum
* 0 0 0  0

  *, number of presentations to be determined


  • Dr. Kyle Lacy, Third place (Resident oral presentation), Providence Hospital Research Day
  • Dr. Matt Cable, Second place (Resident oral presentation), Detroit Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery Annual Meeting
  • Dr. Andrew Mulder, Third place (Resident oral presentation), Providence Hospital Research Day
  • Dr. Ryan Molli, First place (Resident oral presentation), Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine Orthopaedic Surgery Research Day

Recently Published Papers:

  • Ren, W.P., W. Song, A. O. Esquivel, N. M. Jackson, M. Nelson, J. C. Flynn and D. C. Markel.  Effect of erythromycin-doped calcium polyphosphate scaffold composite in a mouse pouch infection model.  Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part B, Applied Biomaterials, 2014 (In press).  PMID 24347324
  • Cannada, L. K., R. Vaidya, D. C. Covey, K. Hanna, and P. Dougherty. The traumatic lower extremity amputee: surgical challenges and advances in prosthetics. Instructional Course Lectures, 62(Jul):3-15, 2013. PMID 23395010
  • Dougherty, P. J. CORR insights™: Intramedullary nails result in more reoperations than sliding hip screws in two-part intertrochanteric fractures. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 471(Apr):1387-1388, 2013. PMID 23334706
  • Dougherty, P. J. What the ACGME's Next Accreditation System means to you. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 471(Sep):2746-2750, 2013.  PMID 23817752
  • Dougherty, P. J., P. Gherebeh, M. Zekaj, S. Sethi, B. Oliphant, and R. Vaidya. 2013. Retrograde versus antegrade intramedullary nailing of gunshot diaphyseal femur fractures. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (In press).  PMID 23690149
  • Dougherty, P. J. and R. E. Marcus. ACGME and ABOS changes for the orthopaedic surgery PGY-1 (intern) year. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 471(Nov):3412-3416, 2013.  PMID 23934034
  • Esquivel, A., S. Haque, P. Keating, S. Marsh, and S. Lemos. Concussion management, education, and return-to-play policies in high schools: a survey of athletic directors, athletic trainers, and coaches. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 5(May/Jun):258-262, 2013. 
  • Kesto, W. K., A. O. Esquivel, and D. C. Markel. Shear force at failure and stiffness of all-inside meniscal repair devices. Journal of Knee Surgery, 26(Dec):435-440, 2013. PMID 23760666
  • Kronner, J. M., Jr., J. E. Legakis, N. Kovacevic, R. L. Thomas, R. A. K. Reynolds, and E. T. Jones. An evaluation of supracondylar humerus fractures: is there a correlation between postponing treatment and the need for open surgical intervention? Journal of Children's Orthopaedics, 7(Mar):131-137, 2013.
  • Lemos, D., A. Esquivel, D. Duncan, S. Marsh, and S. Lemos. Outlet biceps tenodesis: a new technique for treatment of biceps long head tendon injury. Arthroscopy Techniques, 2(Mar):e83-88, 2013. PMID 23875155
  • Markel, D. C., P. J. Sauer, and R. B. Blasier. Is a physican "provider tax" the solution to Michigan's Medicaid woes? Hospital for Special Surgery Journal, 9 (Oct):257-263, 2013.
  • Nevelos, J., A. Johnson, C. Heffernan, J. Macintyre, D. C. Markel, and M. A. Mont. What factors affect posterior dislocation distance in THA? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 471(Apr):519-526, 2013. PMID 22956235
  • Pandhi, N. G., A. O. Esquivel, J. D. Hanna, D. W. Lemos, J. S. Staron, and S. E. Lemos. The biomechanical stability of distal clavicle excision versus symmetric acromioclavicular joint resection. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(Feb):291-295, 2013. PMID 23271005
  • Rentfrow, B., R. Vaidya, C. Elia, and A. Sethi. 2013. Lead toxicity and management of gunshot wounds in the lumbar spine. European Spine Journal (In press). PMID 23715890
  • Reynolds, R. A. K., J. E. Legakis, J. Tweedie, Y. Chung, E. J. Ren, P. A. BeVier, R. L. Thomas, and S. T. Thomas. Postoperative pain management after spinal fusion surgery: an analysis of the efficacy of continuous infusion of local anesthetics. Global Spine Journal, 3:7-14, 2013.
  • Song, W., X. Yu, D. C. Markel, T. Shi, and W. Ren. Coaxial PCL/PVA electrospun nanofibers: osseointegration enhancer and controlled drug release device. Biofabrication, 5(Sep):035006, 2013. PMID 23799653
  • Staron, J. S., A. O. Esquivel,  N. G. Pandhi, J. D. Hanna, and S. E. Lemos. Biomechanical evaluation of anatomical double-bundle coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction secured with knot fixation versus screw fixation. Orthopedics, 36(Aug):e1047-e1052, 2013. PMID 23937752
  • Vaidya, R., B.W. Oliphant, I. Hudson, M. Herrema, D. Knesek, and F. Tonnos. Sequential reduction and fixation for windswept pelvic ring injuries (LC3) corrects the deformity until healed. International Orthopaedics, 37(Aug):1555-1560, 2013. PMID 23615923
  • Vaidya, R., B. Oliphant, R. Jain, K. Nasr, R. Siwiec, N. Onwudiwe, and A. Sethi. The bikini area and bikini line as a location for anterior subcutaneous pelvic fixation: an anatomic and clinical investigation. Clinical Anatomy, 26(Apr):392-399, 2013. PMID 22927118
  • Vigdorchik, J. M., A. O. Esquivel, X. Jin, K. H. Yang, and R. Vaidya.  Anterior internal fixator versus a femoral distractor and external fixation for sacroiliac joint compression and single stance gait testing: a mechanical study in synthetic bone. International Orthopaedics, 37(Jul):1341-1346, 2013.  PMID 23645004
  • Chen, E., S. Sethi, A. Lee, A. Sethi, and R. Vaidya.  Knee pain in patients with cancer after chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and bone marrow transplantation.  Orthopedics, 35:e1177-e1183, 2012.  Medline
  • Erez, O., J. G. Khalil, J. E. Legakis, J. Tweedie, E. Kaminski, and R. A. Reynolds. Ultrasound evaluation of ulnar nerve anatomy in the pediatric population. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 32:641-646, 2012.  Medline
  • Knesek, D., T. C. Peterson, and D. C. Markel. Thromboembolic prophylaxis in total joint arthroplasty. Thrombosis, 837896:2012.  Medline
  • Lee, R. K., J. Nevelos, J. Vigdorchik, and D. C. Markel. Bearing surfaces for hip arthroplasty - is metal-on-metal a passing fancy? Surgical Technology International, XXII:23065801, 2012.   Medline
  • Markel, D. C., S. T. Guthrie, B. Wu, Z. Song, and P. H. Wooley. Characterization of the inflammatory response to four commercial bone graft substitutes using a murine biocompatibility model. Journal of Inflammation Research, 5:13-18, 2012.  Medline
  • Mulder, A., S. Jaafar, and D. C. Markel. Total joint arthroplasty: the cost of infection after total joint arthroplasty. Current Orthopaedic Practice, 23:554-559, 2012. 
  • Ren, W., O. Muzik, N. Jackson, B. Khoury, T. Shi, J. C. Flynn, P. Chakraborty, and D. C. Markel. Differentiation of septic and aseptic loosening by PET with both 11C-PK11195 and 18F-FDG in rat models. Nuclear Medicine Communications, 33:747-756, 2012.   Medline
  • Reynolds, R. A. K., J. E. Legakis, R. Thomas, T. F. Slongo, J. B. Hunter, and J.-M. Clavert.  Intramedullary nails for pediatric diaphyseal femur fractures in older, heavier children: early results.  Journal of Children's Orthopedics, 6:181-188, 2012. 
  • Sethi, A., A. Lee, and R. Vaidya. Lumbar pedicle screw placement: using only AP plane imaging. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics, 46:434-438, 2012.   Medline
  • Shen, Y., W. Wang, X. Li, Z. Liu, D. C. Markel, and W. Ren. Impacts of age and gender on bone marrow profiles of BMP7, BMPRs and Stro-1+ cells in patients with total hip replacement. International Orthopaedics, 36:879-886, 2012.   Medline
  • Song, W., D. C. Markel, X. Jin, T. Shi, and W. Ren. Poly(vinyl alcohol)/collagen/hydroxyapatite hydrogel: properties and in vitro cellular response. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 100A:3071-3079, 2012.   Medline
  • Song, W., D. C. Markel, S. Wang, T. Shi, G. Mao, and W. Ren. Electrospun polyvinyl alcohol-collagen-hydroxyapatite nanofibers: a biomemetic extracellular matrix for osteoblastic cells. Nanotechnology, 23:115101, 2012.  Medline
  • Vaidya, R. Expert's comment concerning Grand Rounds case entitled "A novel 'pelvic ring augmentation construct' for lumbo-pelvic reconstruction in tumor surgery". European Spine Journal, 21:1804-1806, 2012.   Medline
  • Vaidya, R., B. Anderson, A. Elbanna, R. Colen, D. Hoard, and A. Sethi. CT scanogram for limb length discrepancy in comminuted femoral shaft fractures following IM nailing. Injury, 43:1176-1181, 2012.  Medline
  • Vaidya, R., R. Colen, J. Vigdorchik, F. Tonnos, and A. Sethi. Treatment of unstable pelvic ring injuries with an internal anterior fixator and posterior fixation: initial clinical series. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 26:1-8, 2012.  Medline
  • Vaidya, R., E.M. Kubiak, P.F. Bergin, D.G. Dombrowski, R.J. Critchlow, A. Sethi, and A.J. Starr. Complications of anterior subcutaneous internal fixation for unstable pelvis fractures: a multicenter study.  Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 470:2124-2131, 2012.  Medline
  • Vaidya, R., A. Sethi, A. Lee, S. Bartol, N. Onwudiwe, and M. Aebi.  Posterior lumbar spinal fusion and instrumentation in morbidly obese patients using the Synframe retractor system: technical note.  European Spine Journal, 21:2626-2632, 2012.  Medline
  • Vigdorchik, J. M., A. O. Esquivel, X. Jin, K. H. Yang, N. A. Onwudiwe, and R. Vaidya. Biomechanical stability of a supra-acetabular pedicle screw Internal Fixation device (INFIX) vs. External Fixation and plates for vertically unstable pelvic fractures. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 7:31, 2012.    Medline
  • Markel, D., J. Day, R. Siskey, I. Liepins, S. Kurtz, and K. Ong. Deformation of metal-backed acetabular components and the impact of liner thickness in a cadaveric model. International Orthopaedics, 35:1131-1137, 2011.  Medline
  • McInnes, C. W., R. A. K. Reynolds, and J. S. Arneya. Management of pelvic heterotopic ossification post-myocutaneous flap reconstruction of a sacral pressure ulcer. Canadian Journal of Plastic Surgery, 19:60-61, 2011.  Medline
  • Molli, R. G., K. C. Anderson, K. C. Buehler, and D. C. Markel. Computer-assisted navigation software advancements improve the accuracy of total knee arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty, 26:432-438, 2011.  Medline
  • Mulder, A. A., A. O. Esquivel, S. F. Bak, D. R. Lincoln, and D. C. Markel. Novel angle measurements for assessment of shoulder location using the scapular Y radiograph. Orthopedics, 34:365-367, 2011.  Medline
  • Raaii, F., N. Vaidya, K. Vaidya, N. Dibacco, A. Sethi, C. Les, and R. Vaidya. Patterns of mouthguard utilization among Atom and Pee Wee minor ice hockey players: a pilot study. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 21:320-324, 2011.  Medline
  • Ren, W., R. Zhang, B. Wu, P. H. Wooley, M. Hawkins, and D. C. Markel. Effects of SU5416 and a vascular endothelial growth factor neutralizing antibody on wear debris-induced inflammatory osteolysis in a mouse model. Journal of Inflammation Research, 4:29-38, 2011.  Medline
  • Ren, W., R. Blasier, and D. C. Markel. Serendipity of erythromycin in the management of periprosthetic inflammation. Current Drug Therapy, 6:113-120, 2011.
  • Ren, W. and D. C. Markel. Emerging ideas: Can erythromycin reduce the risk of aseptic loosening? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 469:2399-2403, 2011.  Medline
  • Sethi, A., A. M. Muzumdar, A. Ingalhalikar, and R. Vaidya. Biomechanical analysis of a novel posterior construct in a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion model: an in vitro study. Spine Journal, 11:863-869, 2011.  Medline
  • Sethi, A., J. Craig, S. Bartol, W. Chen, M. Jacobsen, C. Coe, and R. Vaidya. Radiographic and CT evaluation of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2-assisted spinal interbody fusion. American Journal of Roentgenology, 197:W128-W133, 2011.  Medline
  • Shen, Y., W. Wang, X. Li, Z. Liu, D. C. Markel, and W. Ren. Impacts of age and gender on bone marrow profiles of BMP7, BMPRs and Stro-1(+) cells in patients with total hip replacement. International Orthopaedics, 2011.  Medline
  • Song, W., Q. Wang, C. Wan, T. Shi, D. Markel, R. Blasier, and W. Ren. A novel alkali metals/strontium co-substituted calcium polyphosphate scaffolds in bone tissue engineering. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B, Applied Biomaterials, 98B:255-262, 2011.  Medline
  • Song, W., W. Ren, C. Wan, A. O. Esquivel, T. Shi, R. Blasier, and D. C. Markel. A novel strontium-doped calcium polyphosphate/erythromycin/poly(vinyl alcohol) composite for bone tissue engineering. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 98A:359-371, 2011.  Medline
  • Song, W., X. Yu, S. Wang, R. Blasier, D. C. Markel, G. Mao, T. Shi, and W. Ren. Cyclodextrin-erythromycin complexes as a drug delivery device for orthopedic application. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 6:3173-3186, 2011.  Medline
  • Wang, W., Y. Shen, D. Markel, R. Blasier, and W. Ren. Palliative effect of erythromycin on PMMA challenged pre-osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 2011. 
  • Dougherty, P. J., R. Vaidya, C. D. Silverton, C. S. Bartlett III and S. Najibi. Joint and long-bone gunshot injuries. Instructional Course Lectures, 59:465-467, 2010.  Medline
  • Frush, T. J. and S. S. Hasan. Arthroscopic reduction and cannulated screw fixation of a large anterior glenoid rim fracture. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 19:e16-19, 2010.  Medline
  • Hao, H.-N., B. Zheng, S. Nasser, W. Ren, M. Latteier, P. Wooley and L. Morawa.  The roles of monocytic heat shock protein 60 and Toll-like receptors in the regional inflammation response to wear debris particles.  Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Part A, 92A:1373-1381, 2010.  Medline
  • Khoury, J. I., E. M. Adler, A. L. Malkani, and D. C. Markel. Constrained acetabular liners cemented into cages during revision total hip arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty, 25:901-905, 2010.  Medline 
  • Markel, D. C., S. York, M. J. Liston, Jr., J. C. Flynn, C. L. Barnes, C. M. Davis, III and AAHKS Research Committee. Venous thromboembolism: management by American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons. Journal of Arthroplasty, 25:3-9, 2010. Medline 
  • Ren, W., R. Zhang, M. Hawkins, T. Shi and D. C. Markel.  Efficacy of periprosthetic erythromycin delivery for wear debris-induced inflammation and osteolysis.  Inflammation Research, 59:1091-1097, 2010.  Medline
  • Schmidig, G., A. Patel, I. Liepins, M. Thakore and D. C. Markel. The effects of acetabular shell deformation and liner thickness on frictional torque in ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene acetabular bearings. Journal of Arthroplasty, 25:644-653, 2010. Medline


Delivering excellence in care through exceptional education.

Scholarly Activity


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  • Phone:
    (313) 966 8013 /
              Fax: 966 8400
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  • Address:
    4201 St. Antoine St
    Detroit, MI 48067